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How Does the Light Awareness System (LAS) Work?

light awareness system

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#1 Alkalide

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Posted 25 May 2017 - 11:02 AM

I'm not sure if this should go here or in the Tech Support section, so If this is the wrong place, please let me know.

 

As a hobbyist game developer, I'm curious about how the Light Awareness System works in The Dark Mod. I've been poking through the source code, but haven't found any definitive math explaining it, or code comments mentioning on how it's calculated. If anyone could point me to exactly where to look, or could explain what steps and/or math it's using to calculate how visible the player is, I'd greatly appreciate the insight.

 

For reference, I'm trying to implement a similar system in my own stealth game I'm working on in Unreal Engine 4.


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#2 grayman

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Posted 25 May 2017 - 01:27 PM

Start with idAI::PerformVisualScan().

 

AI perform this every time they think, to determine if they can see the player.

 

Inside the method, look for 

 

// Check the candidate's visibility.
float vis = GetVisibility(player);
 
That determines how much light is on the player, and whether the AI can see the player in that amount of light.
 
Our AI go through stages of alertness, so it takes quite a few 'sightings' before the AI registers that it's the player he's looking at. This prevents instantaneous sightings, and allows the player to do something like "step out of hiding for a brief moment, then scoot back into the darkness", which raises the observing AI's suspicion that someone might be there, but doesn't let him leap all the way to the conclusion that it's an enemy.

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#3 nbohr1more

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Posted 25 May 2017 - 01:29 PM

Start here:

 

http://wiki.thedarkm...tle=Visual_scan

 

The general process is:

 

1) Check whether it's the correct "turn" to capture a lightgem image (lightgem interleave)

2) Hide the player model and weapons and replace with the lightgem model (octahedron)

3) Hide non-essential surfaces and particles

4) Move the camera inside the lightgem model and aim it upward

5) Capture a screenshot to a buffer image

6) Find the brightest pixel in the buffer image and map it's brightness to one of the brightness range numbers

7) Apply biases for weapon drawn, crouch, player speed, etc to the lightgem value

8) (AI Thinking) Draw a visibility cone for each eye

9) Trace from the lightgem model to the origin of the visibility cone

10) If any opaque objects block the trace, player is invisible

11) If the trace completes, check the lightgem value from step 6

12) If the value is x then set alert level y. Fully visible == Fully alert

13) Repeat steps but aim the camera downward for step 3


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#4 Alkalide

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Posted 25 May 2017 - 03:41 PM

Good info, but I think I have the wrong term for what I'm trying to understand. I'm interested in how the the game calculates the level of light hitting the player.

 

As I understand it, the old Thief games used checks on the lightmap value immediately around the player. I've seen more modern examples get an array of lights from within a certain distance of the player, subtract the occluded ones, get the parameter values of the unoccluded ones, compare the player's position to the attenuation radius of each one, and calculate the player's light level based on some formula I don't know (probably some arbitrary values set by the developer.)

 

Does TDM do something similar to that?


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#5 Moonbo

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Posted 25 May 2017 - 03:50 PM

Hey Alkalide,

 

The process that nbohr just went through *is* that process :-). Basically there is an invsible octahedron where the player is. Every time the player litness needs to be calculated a camera looks at that octahedron (from the top and bottom), checks the pixel brightness of that octahedron and uses that to determine how well lit the player is. I actually cobbled together a similar system in Unity (which I ended up not using), so it is definitely possible to do something like this in Unreal, but keep in mind it is a little bit clunky because natively neither Unity or Unreal has the ability to get lighting data from shaders so you end up having to do something like what TDM does (having a separate camera look only at a player object and read the screen pixels to determine brightness).

 

Edit: when thinking about litness detection, it's important that you delineate baked lighting from dynamic lighting. With baked lighting you can (at least in Unity) do the exact same thing that the original Thief games did - raytrace to the lightmap and grab the color of the pixel. With dynamic lighting (and all TDM lighting is dynamic) there is no light map to pull data from so you have to resort to these sort of hacky tricks (like a separate camera looking at a model such as TDM does, or using triggers to create "light volumes" to detect when the player enters a light,etc).  

 

If you're using a mix of both baked and dynamic lighting, you might have to have two systems working side by side to get the most consistent results. 

 

An added wrinkle: both Unity and Unreal have different tricks that they use (such as manually placed light probes in the case of Unity) to illuminate dynamic objects with baked lighting - this can create a bit of annoyance because it means that how well lit the player model is won't necessarily match up to the baked lighting at their feet.


Edited by Moonbo, 25 May 2017 - 04:21 PM.

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#6 nbohr1more

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Posted 25 May 2017 - 04:16 PM

I guess if you want to do this without rendering first, there are a few things you can glean from tdm_lg_weak.

 

void idPlayer::CalculateWeakLightgem() in Player.cpp.

 

It's not quite as accurate as the main lightgem we use which is rendering screenshot images.

 

In Thief DS, I recall they would sample a render of a bone and then combine

the different bone samples for a final light value. So, a little bit like us. Render then sample.

 

In a modern engine, I guess you would use a compute shader to generate a sample from all the scene render inputs.


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#7 Alkalide

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Posted 28 May 2017 - 12:50 PM

Ah, thanks for clarifying; I get what's going on now. And I think I should be able to come up with a similar system in Unreal based on what's here. I might post a thread about the stealth game progress in the Off-Topic section here eventually if anyone's interested in seeing that.


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#8 Moonbo

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Posted 28 May 2017 - 02:17 PM

I'd subscribe to that thread :).
But you should walk having internal dignity. Be a wonderful person who can dance pleasantly to the rhythm of the universe.
-Sun Myung Moon


My work blog: gfleisher.blogspot.com





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